With property rates in Panvel, Navi Mumbai set to appreciate multifold, the focus of all NRI investment is right here, within NAINA’s smart zone. And so is the Qualcon Dreams team of seasoned professionals ready to assist and update NRIs on Loans, tax benefits, power of attorney and RBI regulations.
Qualcon Dreams are one of Navi Mumbai’s foremost property consultants commanding a portfolio of ________ residential projects spanning over ______ sq.ft across the length and breadth of the Panvel-Taloja corridor. All our project bear the Qualcon signature of affordable luxury delivered on time, everytime.
All our projects are poised to appreciate multi-fold in value due to their strategic positioning in the NAINA smart city district and offer Non resident Indians, an excellent investment option.
As an NRI you need following documents to buy a property in India:
Power of attorney in the name of someone in India who can carry out legal & financial proceedings on your behalf Your PAN Card In case your PAN card is not available, then a copy of your passport. An NRE or NRO account via which you can transact with the builder Guiding you along the way are answers to a series of frequently asked questions
Q1. What is the definition of a Non Resident Indian?
A Non Resident Indian (NRI) as per India’s Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA), is an Indian citizen or Foreign National of Indian Origin residing outside India for purposes of employment, carrying on business or vocation in circumstances as would indicate an intention to stay outside India for an indefinite period. An individual will also be considered NRI if his stay in India is less than 182 days during the preceding financial year.
Q 2. What is the definition of a Person of Indian Origin (PIO)?
A person who is not a citizen of India is deemed to be of Indian origin if he is not a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh and if
He at any time held an Indian passport
He or either of his parents or any of his grandparents was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or Citizenship Act, 1955. A spouse (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh) of an Indian citizen or of a Person of Indian Origin is also treated as a Person of Indian Origin for the purpose of NRI deposits if the accounts are held jointly with the NRI/PIO spouse. PIOs are extended the same facilities for bank account maintenance in India as NRIs and are also, for such purposes, called by the generic name as NRIs.
Q3. What are the facilities enjoyed by NRIs and OCBs?
NRIs/OCB are granted the following facilities:
Maintenance of bank accounts in India Investments in securities/shares of, and deposits with, Indian firms/companies Investments in immovable properties in India
Q4. Who can purchase an immovable property in India?
A.1 Under the general permission available, the following categories can freely purchase immovable property in India: i) Non-Resident Indian (NRI) - that is a citizen of India resident outside India ii) Person of Indian Origin (PIO) - that is an individual (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh or Sri Lanka or Afghanistan or China or Iran or Nepal or Bhutan), who 1. At any time, held Indian passport, or 2. Who or either of whose father or grandfather was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955). The general permission, however, covers only purchase of residential and commercial property.
Q5. Do NRI’s need reserve bank’s permission to sell properties they own in India?
No, they don’t.
Q6. Can NRI’s acquire and own commercial properties in India?
Under the general permission granted by the Reserve Bank, property other than agricultural land/farm house/plantation property can be acquired by NRIs provided the purchase consideration is met either out of inward remittances in foreign exchange through normal banking channels or out of funds from the purchaser's NRE/FCNR accounts maintained with banks in India and a declaration is submitted to the Central Office of Reserve Bank in form IPI 7 within a period of 90 days from the date of purchase of the property/final payment of purchase consideration.
Q7. Can NRI’s acquire or dispose-off residential properties by way of gifts?
The Reserve Bank grants general permission to NRIs to acquire or dispose of NRI India Properties by way of gift from or to a relative who may be an Indian citizen or a person of Indian origin (PIO) whether he or she is a resident in India or not.
Q8. Can loans be obtained by NRIs for the purpose of acquiring a residential or commercial property in India?
The Reserve Bank has granted some general permission to certain financial institutions providing housing finance e.g. HDFC, LIC Housing Finance Ltd., etc, and authorized dealers to grant housing loans to NRI nationals for acquisition of a NRI house/flat for self-occupation subject to certain conditions. Criteria regarding the purpose of the loan, margin money and the quantum of loan will be at par with those applicable to resident Indians. Repayment of the loan should be made within a period not exceeding 15 years, out of inward remittance through banking channels or out of funds held in the investors' NRE/FCNR/NRO accounts.
Q9. What does a power of attorney mean?
(i) A Power Of Attorney (POA) or letter of attorney is a written authorization to represent or act on another's behalf in private affairs, business, or some other legal matter, sometimes against the wishes of the other. The person authorizing the other to act is the principal, grantor, or donor (of the power).
(ii) A Power Of Attorney is not an instrument of transfer in regard to any right, title or interest in an immovable property.
(iii) A Power Of Attorney, or letter of attorney, is a document that authorizes another person, known as the agent or attorney-in-fact—usually a legally competent relative or close friend over 18 years old—to handle any combination of financial, legal and health care decisions. A power of attorney is also referred to as a POA. Generally, one chooses a POA as a provision if he or she becomes incapacitated. Types of Power of Attorney
(iv) A Power Of Attorney (POA) is an instrument that is used by people to confer authority on somebody else to legally act on their behalf. POA are of two types.
(v) Special Power of Attorney (SPA), while an SPA is used for transfer of a specific right to the person on whom it is conferred.
(vi) General Power of Attorney (GPA), the GPA authorizes the holder to do whatever is necessary.
(vii) There is no sale clause of immovable property mentioned in POA (notarized)
(viii) Registered POA from registration office allows sale clause and POA to any one Following are the important things to be kept in mind while executing the POA
(ix) Customer Prepares POA as per defined format.
(x) Executant has to paste his/her photograph along with signature on each page.
(xi) Authenticate/adjudicate the POA from Indian Embassy or local authority.
(xii) Send authenticated/adjudicated POA in India.
(xiii) In India, the POA holder has to paste his/her photograph along with his/her left hand thumb impression and signature.
(xix) Then this document will have to be stamped for Rs. 500/- (ESBTR, Franking, Stamp paper) and notarized from a Registered Notary. Please ensure that a stamp of “Before Me” is affixed on the document.
(xx) POA holder and executants Photo ID attach before Notary.
Q10. In what way should the purchase consideration for the immovable property be paid under the general permission?
The purchase consideration should be met either out of inward remittances in foreign exchange through normal banking channels or out of funds from any non-resident accounts maintained with banks in India.
Q11. Is there any limit for NRIs on the number of housing properties that they can purchase in India?
There are no limits on the number of residential properties that may be bought by an NRI. However, repatriation (the process of converting a foreign currency into the currency of one’s own country) is allowed only in respect of two such properties.
Q12. Can an NRI transfer the sale proceeds of such property out of India?
In the event of sale of immovable property other than agricultural land/farm house/plantation property in India by a NRI or PIO, the authorized dealer may allow repatriation of the sale proceeds outside India, provided all the following conditions are satisfied: The immovable property was acquired by the seller in accordance with the provisions of the Exchange Control Rules/Regulations/Law in force at the time of acquisition, or the provisions of the Regulations framed under the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999; NRIs/PIOs can effect remittance of sale proceeds of immovable property in India irrespective of the period for which the property was held. The sale proceeds allowed to be repatriated should, however, not exceed the foreign exchange brought in to acquire the said property. In case of residential property, the repatriation of sale proceeds is restricted to not more than two such properties, if the property was purchased from funds held in NRE Account. The amount sought to be repatriated abroad should not exceed the amount paid for acquisition of the immovable property in the foreign exchange received through normal banking channels or out of funds held in FCNR or NRE Account. In case of investment out of NRE Account the amount to be calculated as foreign currency is equivalent value as on the date of payment for acquisition of the said property.
Q13. Is there the possibility of a single window clearance?
Single window in a real estate project in India may be difficult because of the involvement of several authorities. If it is a multi-storied building, you need to get clearance from town planning authorities, clearance on design, elevators, fire-fighting agencies, etc. Efforts are however on to make the process simpler and transparent.
Q14. How is the sanctioning authority and monitoring authority different in India?
In some states, the Municipal authority is the ultimate monitoring authority. In smaller states and in non-urban areas, the town and country planning corporation acts as the monitoring authority. In urban areas where most of the construction takes place, the municipal authority wields power in giving the final permission and sanctioning drawings and plans. Clearances on electricity, water supply and other utilities also come from here.
Q15. Can you explain the loan sanction and its documentation processes?
The documentation required to be submitted by the NRIs are different from the Resident Indians as they are required to submit additional documents, like copy of the passport and a copy of the works contract, etc. and of course NRIs have to follow certain eligibility criteria in order to get Home Loans in India. Another vital document required while processing an NRI home loan is the power of attorney (POA). The POA is important because, since the borrower is not based in India; the Home Finance Company would need a 'representative' 'in lieu of' the NRI to deal with and if needed. Although not obligatory, the POA is usually drawn on the NRI's parents/wife/children/ close relatives or friends. The documents needed for obtaining NRI home loans are Bank specific. General list of documents are as mentioned below:
Passport and Visa
A copy of the appointment letter and contract from the company employing the applicant. The labour card/identity card (translated in English and countersigned by the consulate) if the person is employed in the Middle East Salary certificate (in English) specifying name, date of joining, designation and salary details.
Q16. Is registration required on purchase of property?
When you register the transaction for buying an immovable property, it becomes a public record. If you want to rent, lease, or license the property, then the registration is a necessary process.
Q17. Is there a tax quotient when a small apartment is sold to buy a bigger one?
If you sell the smaller apartment less than two years after buying it in order to buy a bigger apartment, you will need to pay a capital gains tax. On the other hand, if you have owned the current apartment for more than 2 years, you will not need to pay any tax. However, taxation laws are subject to change.
Q18. How to determine the rent or amount of lease for an apartment?
There are no set rules that will determine the rent for your apartment. However, you can contact us for any help if you want to find out about the current rate in the city for rent in your area
Q19. How does an NRI qualify for a home loan?
If you are employed or self-employed abroad, and otherwise live outside India, you are categorized as an NRI. In order to qualify for a home loan, you must have lived in India for 100 days or more in all. You can read more about qualifying for a loan in our NRI section.